Wikinvest Wire

Predictions for 2009

Friday, January 02, 2009

After a year like the one that has just concluded, it is more difficult than ever to see clearly into our dark and murky future, but that doesn't seem to have stopped people from making predictions of one sort or another about what might lie ahead.

Such is the case here, despite the brightly glowing orb to the right.

After taking a close look at last year's predictions the other day, it's pretty clear that things would have been a lot easier to call if it was known in advance that Armageddon was finally going to arrive.

Discounting Armageddon has been a profitable investment strategy up until last year.

The question today is whether what happened in 2008 was Armageddon - Part I, or just plain Armageddon. As you'll see below, from my vantage point, it looks more like the latter.

Off we go...

1. Another Bad Year for Housing

Once again, more pain in housing seems inevitable with liar loans and option ARM products reaching their critical years. If it already hasn't, that second home/investment property that seemed like such a good idea back in 2004 will turn into a nightmare in 2009.

As was the case last year, only real estate sales types will be predicting a rebound for home prices in 2009 though home sales will probably make a lasting bottom. Late-2009 and 2010 will be the time to start looking to buy property again, but there will be no need to hurry - contrary to what real estate sales types tell you, prices are not headed back up anytime soon. They may not go too much lower in 2010, but, except for places like Washington D.C. where the bailout business is booming, prices will be mostly flat through 2011 or 2012.

Next year, housing prices will fall another 10 percent nationally, based on the year-over-year change to the 20-city S&P Case Shiller Home Price Index for October 2009 (this report gets released at the end of December and showed an 18 percent decline last week.) It seems that home price declines have to ease up. For example, based on their current trajectory, by the end of next year the median home price in Los Angeles would be below $200,000, down from a high of $550,000 in 2007.

2. The Dollar Will Go Down

The trade weighted U.S. dollar rose in 2008, but that was an anomaly. There are many bad currencies in the world (most of them are bad, actually, the pound now probably the worst) but the greenback will have a hard time looking good on a relative basis after big negative GDP numbers are reported along with even bigger job losses.

The source of most of the world's financial market troubles over the last year or so will finally be appreciated by those who've been buying U.S. Treasuries and, despite the best efforts of the big players at the Comex, many of these people will buy gold instead.

By year-end, the U.S. Dollar Index will be at 70, after dipping into the 60s briefly, and economists will again marvel at how the trade deficit is shrinking due to higher U.S. exports, helping the U.S. economy to recover.

3. Broad Equity Markets will Rise

The Dow and the S&P 500 Index will gain 10 percent and most investors will be happy about this, not realizing that it would have to repeat this performance for the next four or five years to make up for the losses seen in 2008. It won't.

Foreign stocks will do much better than U.S. stocks - up about 20 percent on average by year end - and stocks in China will rise 30 percent. Here too, most investors will fail to appreciate the cruel nature of large declines and advances expressed in percentage terms - this will leave Chinese stocks 55 percent below where they began 2008 (i.e., before last year's 65 percent decline).

Gold and silver mining stocks will outperform all other equities in 2009 (this process is already well underway) and many retail investors will add gold stocks to their portfolio for the first time only to sell in a panic during the first correction.

4. Short-Term Interest Rates Will Stay at Zero

Short-term interest rates in the U.S. will end the year where they began - at zero.

Instead of the Fed funds rate, the new metric that will be used to gauge what the Federal Reserve is doing will be the Fed's balance sheet. Now at $2.2 trillion, this will grow to over $4 trillion by year-end, by which time the weekly H.4.1 report will become a major news event.

Ben Bernanke aged five years over the last twelve months - over the next twelve months he will only age two years.

5. Energy Prices Will Rebound

After dipping below $30 a barrel in the spring, the price of crude oil will rise to $100 by the time Hurricane season is over (hey, there's no election in '09) and end the year at $85.

Just when people were getting used to $1.50 gasoline, taking advantage of dealer incentives to buy Suburbans and Escalades again, the price at the pump will be back up over $3 and they won't be happy about it.

6. Gold and Silver Will Soar

The price of silver will double before ending the year at around $20 an ounce and gold will again surpass the $1,000 mark, finishing the year at $1,150. Inventory at the SPDR Gold Shares ETF will increase to over 1,000 tonnes and there will be 10,000 tonnes of silver in the iShares Silver Trust ETF. We still won't be sure whether the ETFs really have the metal, but no one will care.

An increasing number of retail investors will buy gold and silver for the first time and they'll sell in a panic during the first correction they encounter. They'll look back and think, "Precious metals are no more volatile than that S&P500 Index fund I sold last year. Why did I sell in a panic again? Maybe I should just invest in Hummels."

People will start talking about junior mining stocks at cocktail parties - just like internet stocks in 1997. (As noted the last couple years, I'm going to keep saying this until it's true).

7. The U.S. Economy and its Consumer Engine will Hit Rock Bottom

The personal saving rate will rise to four percent and both layaway programs and Christmas savings clubs will grow in popularity. This won't be good for the U.S. economy which will contract during the first two quarters and post anemic growth rates in the last two.

Much of the Christmas savings money will be raided late in the year as many consumers will think they've served their penance and, with money gushing out of the government and central bank, they will regain their spendthrift ways before year-end making for a spectacular Christmas shopping season as compared to the one that just concluded.

8. Reported Inflation will Dip into Negative Territory

We'll hear lots of talk about deflation as the overall Consumer Price Index dips into negative territory on a year-over-year basis by mid-year. At this point, we'll all be bathing in a virtual government money shower as policymakers desperately try to avoid the ignominious honor of being the first group to ever cause real deflation within a fiat money system (no, what Japan had was not real, hard-money style deflation - that was just baby-deflation).

The policymakers will succeed.

By the time the leaves start falling, we'll all be talking about inflation again as energy prices rise in what will look like an inverse, smaller magnitude version of what happened last year.

9. Four Million Jobs will be Lost

Nonfarm payrolls will decline by three million in 2009 and there will be downward revisions of about one million to prior years' payrolls data as the Labor Department grapples with its birth-death modeling once again, publicly confessing that it has utterly failed to provide any meaningful statistics about the labor market in real time.

Health care will be the only employment sector that adds jobs in 2009.

Teenagers all across the country will become disillusioned after having lived their formative years during the biggest financial bubble in the history of Mankind and then seeing it come to an abrupt end as home equity withdrawals are relegated to the history books. They will actually go out and seek work, though few will find any this year.

10. Websites will not Wise-Up

A growing number of websites will continue to annoy readers by automatically playing video clips when the page is opened (didn't we already go through this process about four years ago?). They'll believe their marketing staff that this really is an effective advertising technique, but they will fail to understand just how many readers are leaving, never to return, after having to search so many times for that damn Pause button.




Anthony Alfidi said...

Are you sure about #3 Tim? If #7 proves true and corporate earnings continue to deteriorate from lack of consumer spending, equities will follow suit into the tank.

Then again, mining stocks do look good this year.

Anonymous said...

Sorry! Quantitative Easing Won't Work

In a Liquidity Trap although Saving (S) is abnormally high investment (I) is next to 0.

Hence, the Keynesian paradigm I = S is not verified.

The purpose of Quantitative Easing being to lower the yield on long-term savings it doesn't create $1 of investment.

It does diminish the yield on long-term US Treasury debt but lowers marginally, if at all, the asked yield on savings.

This and other issues are explored in my tract:

A Specific Application of Employment, Interest and Money
Plea for a New World Economic Order


This tract makes a critical analysis of credit based, free market economy, Capitalism, and proves that its dysfunctions are the result of the existence of credit.

It shows that income / wealth disparity, cause and consequence of credit and of the level of long-term interest-rates, is the first order hidden variable, possibly the only one, of economic development.

It solves most of the puzzles of macro economy: among which Business Cycles, Stagflation, Greenspan Conundrum, Deflation and Keynes' Liquidity Trap...

It shows that no fiscal or monetary policy, including the barbaric Quantitative Easing will get us out of depression.

A Credit Free, Free Market Economy will correct all of those dysfunctions.

The alternative would be, on the long run, to wait for the physical destruction (through war or rust) of most of our productive assets. It will be at a cost none of us can afford to pay.

A Specific Application of Employment, Interest and Money

Tim said...

Anthony - this is based on there being some improvement in the consumer sector by year-end and stocks reacting to this. I'm of the view that, early in the year, we'll at least see a test of the late-2008 lows for equity markets.

Shalaom - I'll have a look.

Anonymous said...

To echo Anthony, I see big trouble for stocks this year at some point. First, hasn't the general P/E been in "overvalued" territory for a very, very long time? Historically speaking, doesn't it usually overshoot downward? Couldn't we very likely see P/E's well down into the single digits as the correction continues?

Second, earnings are going to suck, making the impact of low P/E's even worse.

I am probably off base, but what do you think?

Anonymous said...

Also, you could predict that housing start declines are going to bottom out, since at the current rate of the past three years, housing construction would completely disappear by some point in 2010. This according the charts you and others have posted.

Anonymous said...

Buttonwood sez:

David Bowers of Absolute Strategy Research argues that investors are positioned as if 2009 will see a rerun of the 1930s Depression, having sold equities and commodities and pushed government bond yields down to very low levels. But what if all the measures taken by governments and central banks actually work? Interest rates have been slashed, taxes have been cut, money has been bumped into the banking system. The effect of these policies might come through in 2009, since both monetary and fiscal policy always take a while to have an effect.

Mr Bowers reckons that the fourth quarter of 2008 may have seen an “inventory shock”. Faced with credit constraints and forecasts of plunging consumer demand, companies slashed production. The result is that they are entering 2009 with very low inventories. If consumer demand turns out to be better than expected, then companies may find themselves desperate to get hold of components and raw materials. Pricing power will return and commodity prices will shoot back up.

That would definitely count as a big surprise. Morgan Stanley, for example, is forecasting a fall of 30% in capital expenditure between now and mid-2010. If Mr Bowers is right, low government-bond yields could lose their appeal and equities could rebound. Income-seeking investors seem unlikely to get much of a return from cash this year.

An equity rally could occur even if the global economy is in for a prolonged period of weakness. Two of the best years for Wall Street in the 20th century were 1933 and 1935, despite the severity of the Depression. The value of the London stockmarket more than doubled in 1975, in the midst of a stagflationary crisis and the year before Britain had to ask the IMF for an emergency loan.

For much of late 2007 and early 2008, many people in the “real economy” wondered what the financial sector was panicking about. It was only in the autumn that business conditions turned savagely down. By extension, it is quite possible that in the course of 2009 company executives will be bemoaning a slump in both demand and profits at a time when stockmarkets are rallying in anticipation of recovery in 2010.

Anonymous said...

Re: Junior mining stocks - what if there are no cocktail parties ? And do goldbugs get invited to these things anyway ?

bill money said...

I couldn't agree more with comment #10. Those videos are so annoying.


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